Medical Conditions



Eye Conditions

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Optometric Association, early detection and treatment of many sight-threatening diseases may cure or slow the progression of vision loss.

When it comes to children, the most important preventive steps are routine eye examinations, visual screening tests, and preventing eye trauma. Newborns are examined in the nursery for eye infections and eye disorders. Children should receive their first comprehensive eye examination by age 3, unless a specific condition or history of family childhood vision problems warrants an earlier examination. Annual visual screening tests and eye examinations should be performed on children 5 years and older.

Eye trauma is an important cause of vision loss in children. Eye trauma refers to any injury to the eye. As a parent, you can help your child avoid eye trauma with the proper use of safety equipment during sports and recreational activities.

Listed in the directory below are some common eye conditions in growing children, for which we have provided a brief overview.

If you cannot find the information in which you are interested, please visit the Pediatrics Online Resources page in this website for an Internet address that may contain additional information on that topic.

Last reviewed: 3/16/2013