Surgical Care Explanation of Terms

  • Antibiotic Within One Hour of Cut Time
    This represents the percentage of surgical patients who received antibiotic drugs one hour before the first surgical incision. Antibiotics help prevent wound infections after surgery. When patients receive antibiotics more than one hour before surgery, or after surgery begins, the drugs are not as effective. See our score.

    Antibiotics Discontinued Within 24 to 48 Hours
    This is the percentage of patients who stopped receiving preventive antibiotics within 24 to 48 hours after surgery. Preventive antibiotics should begin one hour before surgery. If there is no infection after surgery, the antibiotics can be stopped within one day (two days for heart surgery). Taking antibiotics when they are not needed can lead to harmful side effects or antibiotic-resistant bacteria. See our score.

    Appropriate Antibiotic Selection
    This is the percentage of patients who received appropriate antibiotic drugs before and after surgery at Memorial University Medical Center. Specific antibiotics are used to treat or prevent various infections. The surgeon must determine which antibiotics are most appropriate for each patient’s surgery. See our score.

    Appropriate Method of Hair Removal
    This represents the percentage of surgery patients who had appropriate hair removal before surgery. Studies have shown that shaving a surgical site with a razor can cause cuts that may become infected. Instead of shaving, healthcare providers should clip the hair or use a depilatory cream to remove it. See our score.

    Normothermia
    Normothermia means having a normal body temperature. Extreme changes in body temperature before, during, and after surgery can lead to wound infection, heart problems, blood loss, and problems recovering from surgery. It’s important for healthcare workers to monitor body temperature through the entire surgical process. See our score.

    Perioperative Beta Blocker Received
    Patients who regularly take a beta blocker drug at home should take their beta blocker within 24 hours of their surgery. They should also continue their beta blocker after surgery unless their doctor tells them otherwise. This number represents the patients who received a beta blocker before, during, or after surgery at Memorial. Beta blockers lower blood pressure by slowing the heart rate and opening blood vessels throughout the body. See our score.

    Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis Ordered
    Venous thromboembolism occurs when a blood clot forms in the deep veins in the legs, travels to another part of the body, and blocks blood flow to vital organs such as the lungs. Drugs to prevent the formation of blood clots should be ordered for patients who do not have clotting disorders. See our score.

    Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis Received
    This number refers to the percentage of joint replacement patients at Memorial University Medical Center who received drugs to prevent dangerous blood clots following surgery. See our score.

    Controlled PostOp Glucose
    This is the percentage of patients who had their blood glucose (blood sugar) levels checked at regular intervals after surgery. Changes in blood glucose levels after surgery can lead to complications or death. See our score.